TABLE 1. Composition of Chinese red-yeast-rice dietary supplement
Component Percentage by wt

Rice starch 73.4
Fiber 0.8
Protein 5.8
Moisture 3–6
Total natural pigment <0.33
Ash <3
Phosphorus (organic phosphorus 0.02%) 0.44
Trace elements2 Trace
Total HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors 0.4
Monacolin K 0.2
Monacolin K (hydroxy-acid form) 0.1
Dihydromonacolin <0.01
Monacolin I 0.03
Monacolin II (hydroxy-acid form) <0.01
Monacolin III 0.02
Monacolin IV 0.02
Monacolin V 0.02
Monacolin VI 0.01
Fatty acids
Saturated (palmitic and stearic) <0.5
Mono- and polyunsaturated such as oleic, linoleic, linolenic, and other fatty acids <1.5

1Data are based on unpublished analyses on file with Pharmanex, Inc, Simi Valley, CA. HMG-CoA, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A.
2Calcium, aluminum, iron, manganese, magnesium, copper, and silver.